Fallopia scandens, the climbing false buckwheat, is a species of Fallopia native to North America. Fallopia scandens (L.) Holub Common Names: Climbing false buckwheat (1), false buckwheat (4) Etymology: ‘Fallopia’ is named in honor of the 16th century Italian anatomist Gabriello Fallopio, ‘Scandens’ comes from the Latin scansus, “to climb”. Es können Blütenstandsschäfte vorhanden sein. Woodlands, ridges, balds, rocky slopes. Die drei distal ausgebreiteten, nur an ihrer Basis oder fast vollständig verwachsenen, sehr kurzen Griffeläste enden in kopfigen, ausgefransten oder schildförmigen Narben. Neuere Untersuchungen zeigen, dass insbesondere die Wurzel von Fallopia multiflora Lecithin enthält. Inhaltsstoffe. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Fallopia scandens (formerly Polygonum scandens) More Wildflowers, Grasses and Other Nonwoody Plants. Fallopia × conollyana: Dies ist eine Kreuzung von F. baldschuanica × F. japonica. It should be watched to see if it spreads. 8–25 mm thick), erect, with leaves at least 6 cm broad and blades truncate to shallowly cordate at base. Die Gattung Fallopia wurde 1763 durch Michel Adanson in Familles des Plantes, 2, Seiten 274, 277, 557[1] aufgestellt. Flora of North America. Japanischer Staudenknöterich (Fallopia japonica). Der in weiten Teilen Eurasiens heimische Windenknöterich oder Acker-Flügelknöterich (Fallopia convolvulus), gilt als Ackerunkraut. Die meist weißen, grünlichweißen bis rosafarbenen, meist kahlen Blütenhüllblätter vergrößern sich bis zur Fruchtreife. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World (2019). [3] In North America, it is often misidentified with Fallopia dumetorum, a species endemic to Europe. These species include the Brassy Flea Beetle (Chaetocnema concinna), Knotweed Leaf Beetle (Gastrophysa polygoni), a leaf-miner beetle (Mantura floridana), an aphid (Macrosiphum venaefuscae), seed-eating larvae of a … sind Bilderdykia Dumort. Die selten niederliegenden, meist selbständig aufrechten oder windenden Sprossachsen sind kahl oder flaumig behaart und können bei manchen Arten an ihrer Basis verholzen. Avocado, Persea americana, is a large evergreen tree native to South Central Mexico reaching a height of about 20m, or up to 10 m if grafted. Der Gattungsname Fallopia ehrt den italienischen Anatomen und Chirurgen Gabriele Falloppio (1523–1563). Polygonum scandens Linnaeus [family POLYGONACEAE], Sp. Fallopia, commonly called bindweed or knotweed, is a genus of flowering herbs and vines in the buckwheat family, Polygonaceae. Fallopia cristata has been distinguished from F. scandens and F. dumetorum by its smaller fruiting perianths (5-7 [-9] mm) bearing narrower (1.2-1.7 mm wide), undulate-crenate or lacerate wings, and smaller achenes (2.1-2.7 mm). September 2020 um 10:27 Uhr bearbeitet. Pl., 1: … Die Chromosomengrundzahl beträgt x = 10 oder 11. Gray) Gleason FNA Ed. [1] It is a herbaceous perennial plant which grows from to 1–5 m (39–197 in) tall. Entry From. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Sie ist teilweise oder vollständig von der Blütenhülle umgeben. Die Gattung Fallopia gehört zur Tribus Polygoneae in der Unterfamilie Polygonoideae innerhalb der Familie der Polygonaceae. Climbing false buckwheat is related to smartweeds, buckwheat, knotweeds, and rhubarb. Es gibt 7 bis 17 Fallopia-Arten (Die Artenzahl ist abhängig davon ob Reynoutria enthalten ist): (L.) Webb & Moquin-Tandon ex Webb & Berthelot, https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Flügelknöteriche&oldid=203497276, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“. Von den fünf Blütenhüllblättern sind die äußeren drei größer, gekielt oder bei den meisten Arten stark geflügelt, selten nicht gekielt und ungeflügelt; dieses Merkmal brachte dieser Gattung auch den Namen Flügelknöteriche ein. The flowers are greenish-yellow and the leaves are arranged alternately. (2000) supports this stance. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. There are 12 to 15 species, native throughout the northern hemisphere. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Reference Sources. Although they are semi-erect during bloom, when they are producing fruit, they hang from their pedicels in a downward position. Charakteristisch ist die Form der gestielten, zwittrigen oder eingeschlechtigen Blüten. Die haltbare oder vergängliche, röhrige Ochrea besitzt ein schräges oder gestutztes oberes Ende. : Polygonum × bohemicum). 1910) actually refer to F. cristata. Additional characteristics reported to distinguish F. dumetorum from F. scandens are its annual habit (F. scandens also is reported to be annual in some of the literature) and more triangular leaf blades with cordate or sagittate bases. Photo Location: Central Illinois on 2012-09-15. Die Gattung Fallopia ist in weiten Teilen der Nordhalbkugel in den gemäßigten bis subtropischen Zonen verbreitet. multiflora: Sie hat die Chromosomenzahl 2n = 22. : Polygonum scandens L.): Nordamerika. scandens TROPICOS Polygonum scandens var. Leaf blades cordate or subcordate, usually (at least the larger ones) over 15 cm long, with acute to short-acuminate apex; leaf underside with multicellular hairs along the veins. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … The other native, Climbing False Buckwheat (Fallopia scandens), is similar to Black-bindweed as it lacks the cilia fringe at the leaf nodes and its flower clusters are also generally unbranched, but its small obscure flowers develop quickly into large hanging fruits with prominent wings on the three outer tepals and its mature seeds are smooth, shiny black, where Black-bindweed fruits are wingless and mature … Flowers are about 1/8 inch long with 5 light green to white or rarely pinkish tepals (petals and similar sepals), the outer 3 strongly winged with a pale ruffle. Daneben gibt es einige Hybride: Fallopia × bohemica (Syn. Fallopia. Review of specimens shows that these two species are distinct. Die 7 bis 18 Arten sind in den gemäßigten bis subtropischen Zonen der Nordhalbkugel weit verbreitet. Name: Fallopia scandens (L.) Holub. It has an irregular and dense crown, and a bole that usually branches from low down and can be up to 45 cm in diameter. Fallopia scandens (Linnaeus) Holub [family POLYGONACEAE], Folia Geobot. sind Bilderdykia Dumort. Die inneren zwei Blütenhüllblätter sind kleiner und unauffällig. stipule at base of leaf stalk with a fringe of hairs (vs. F. scandens, with stipule at base of leaf stalk without a fringe of hairs). Some older reports of Fallopia dumetorum (e.g., Graves et al. In China kommen etwa acht Arten vor, davon drei nur dort. Synonyme für Fallopia Adans. Fallopia baldschuanica (Regel) Holub (Polygonum aubertii of Michigan Flora), a native of Asia, would key here, but differs from F. scandens in its woody habit and long, many-flowered inflorescences; it has been recently collected by R. W. Smith in Adrian, Lenawee Co., but perhaps only persisting from a planting. Fallopia scandens Trifolium repens berry crops Euphorbia maculata Green onions Barbarea vulgaris Sorghum halapense Watermelon, squash, pumpkin. The main problem is the presence of hypoleuca (Nakai ex Ohwi) Yonekura & H. Ohashi: Sie hat die Chromosomenzahl 2n = 44. Fallopia scandens. It is a herbaceous perennial plant which grows from to 1–5 m (39–197 in) tall. Die einfachen Blattspreiten sind breit eiförmig bis dreieckig, mit glattem oder gewelltem Blattrand und oft mit einem herz- oder pfeilförmigen Spreitengrund. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Es gibt Exemplare mit zwittrigen und welche nur mit weiblichen Blüten. [1] Although they are semi-erect during bloom, when they are producing fruit, they hang from their pedicels in a downward position. Family: Polygonaceae, the Buckwheat Family. Die Flügelknöteriche (Fallopia) sind eine Pflanzengattung innerhalb der Familie der Knöterichgewächse (Polygonaceae). Fallopia scandens (L.) Holub (Syn. (Download Help) Fallopia scandens TSN 513512 Taxonomy and Nomenclature Kingdom: Plantae : Taxonomic Rank: Species : Synonym(s): Polygonum scandens L. Bilderdykia cristata (Engelm. Fallopia scandens (L.) Holub Bilderdykia scandens (L.) Greene Polygonum dumetorum var. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 8. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. [3] Der Gattungsname Fallopia ehrt den italienischen Anatomen und Chirurgen Gabriele Falloppio (1523–1563). Hassler, M. 2017. Resource Type. Experience suggests that many North American herbarium specimens attributed to F. dumetorum are misidentified. Catalogue of Life link: Fallopia scandens (L.) Holub ; The Plant List link: Fallopia scandens (L.) Holub (Source: KewGarden WCSP) Media in category "Fallopia scandens" The following 9 files are in this category, out of 9 total. Butterflies are less common visitors to the flowers (Robetson, 1929). Die bei Reife braune bis dunkelbraune oder fast schwarze Frucht (Achäne) ist eiförmig und dreikantig, aber nicht geflügelt. climbing_false_buckwheat_plant_9-23-14.jpg . Polygonum scandens Linnaeus var. The Plant List includes 25 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Fallopia. Phytotax., 6: 176. Fallopia scandens (L.) Holub This species is accepted, and its native range is Central & E. Canada to Central & E. U.S.A. Free and Open Access to Biodiversity Data. Inside are 8 greenish white stamens … In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each plant. Fallopia multiflora var. Genus: Fallopia Adans. Both the fruit and flower are greenish-white in appearance. Es werden end- und/oder seitenständige, traubige oder rispige Gesamtblütenstände gebildet, die über jeweils einer Ochrea einen bündeligen Teilblütenstand mit ein bis fünf Blüten enthalten. At least three people have been killed after more than 40 vehicles rear-ended one another in thick fog on a highway in China, according to Chinese authorities. Synonyme für Fallopia Adans. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Die Samen enthalten einen geraden Embryo. The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Folia Geobot. Plants stout (main stem ca. It is pear-shaped and green with a mild and pleasant flavor. The New York Flora Atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. Weblinks. cristatum (Engelmann & A. Fallopia is a genus of about 12 species of flowering plants in the buckwheat family, often included in a wider treatment of the related genus Polygonum in the past, and previously including Reynoutria. The leaves can be made into tea or, when toaste… Typusart ist Fallopia scandens .mw-parser-output .Person{font-variant:small-caps}(L.) Holub. The genus is native to temperate and subtropical regions of the Northern Hemisphere, but species have been introduced elsewhere.The genus includes species forming vines and shrubs. Die Blütenhüllblätter sind nur an ihrer Basis bis fast vollständig glockenförmig verwachsen. The Indiana Plants Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Fallopia scandens, the climbing false buckwheat, is a species of Fallopia native to North America. Fallopia scandens (L.) Holub: Accepted: WCSP (in review) Fallopia schischkinii Tzvelev: Accepted: WCSP (in review) Statistics. Flora of North America, Vol 5, Names. Phytotax. Die Staubfäden sind kahl oder im unteren Bereich flaumig behaart. Die Arten der Gattung Fallopia wurden früher in Polygonum eingegliedert, weshalb alle Arten ein Synonym in dieser Gattung besitzen. und Pleuropterus Turcz. Die Blattstiele besitzen an ihrer Basis ein Gelenk und bei manchen Arten extraflorale Nektarien. Freeman and Hinds (2005) chose to subsume F. cristata in F. scandens due to apparent intergrading morphology. Manche Arten wie der Japanische Staudenknöterich gelten dort, wo sie eingeführt wurden, als problematische invasive Neophyten. Otter penis bones are becoming less dense and more breakable due to toxic chemicals trickling into rivers from oil hubs in Canada - and it could have … Drei Fruchtblätter sind zu einem einkammerigen Fruchtknoten verwachsen. [1], Species of flowering plant in the knotweed family Polygonaceae, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fallopia_scandens&oldid=967969841, Short description is different from Wikidata, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 July 2020, at 12:10. Other insects feed destructively on the foliage and other parts of Climbing Buckwheat (Fallopia scandens) and similar plants. Photo #3/9 of Climbing False Buckwheat (Fallopia scandens). Die Wurzeln sind faserig bis verholzend. & A. 1971 . Manche Arten bilden Rhizome. & A. Comm., 2005 Reynoutria scandens … Flora of North America - Fallopia; Eintrag bei GRIN Taxonomy for Plants; Wikimedia Foundation. Gray) Greene : Bilderdykia scandens (L.) Greene : Polygonum cristatum Engelm. 2. Fallopia convolvulus : outer 3 petal-like parts of flower with low keels and fruit pebbled and dull on the exterior surface (vs. F. scandens, with outer 3 petal-like parts of flower with prominent wing-angles and fruit smooth on the exterior surface and very shiny). Work by Kim et al. Of these 21 are accepted species names. Einige Arten sind relativ raschwüchsig. Die gelben oder rosafarbenen bis roten Staubbeutel sind eiförmig bis elliptisch. Fallopia scandens has fruiting perianths that are obovate in outline, with wings undulate and gradually decurrent on the stipelike perianth bases. Erect, unbranched racemes of short-stalked flowers arising from the leaf axils all along the twining stems. Typusart ist Fallopia scandens (L.) Holub. und Pleuropterus Turcz. [2] Die Gattung Fallopia gehört zur Tribus Polygoneae in der Unterfamilie Polygonoideae innerhalb der Familie der Polygonaceae. International Journal of Plant Sciences 172(8): 1053–1066. 1. Viele Arten wachsen gerne an Standorten, an denen der natürliche Bewuchs gestört ist, beispielsweise auf Äckern, an Ruderalstellen, Schuttplätzen oder an vom Menschen beeinflussten Flussufern. Fallopia multiflora var. Tomato, pepper, Panicum dichotomiflorum Senna occidentalis Cyperus rotundus flixweed Benghal dayflower henbit purple nutsedge pink purslane Onions Sorghum bicolor Setaria pumila Amaranthus spinosus Acalypha ostryifolia Potato (Solanum … Es sind sechs bis acht freie Staubblätter vorhanden. Phylogenetic relationships of Muehlenbeckia, Fallopia, and Reynoutria (Polygonaceae) investigated with chloroplast and nuclear sequence data. In Nordamerika kommen etwa acht Arten vor, jedoch ist nur Fallopia cilinodis und Fallopia scandens dort beheimatet. Ihre wechselständig angeordneten Laubblätter sind in Blattstiel und Blattspreite gegliedert. Flora of North America (FNA) Collection. Avocado fruits are eaten raw or used as a sandwich spread and in desserts. Free and Open Access to Biodiversity Data. Die Fallopia-Arten sind laubabwerfende rechtswindende einjährige bis ausdauernde krautige Pflanzen oder Schlinggehölze. Fallopia scandens (L.) Holub; Fallopia scandens (L.) Holub is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Fallopia (family Polygonaceae). DOI: 10.1086/661293 PDF Reference page. The Plant List includes a further 14 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Fallopia. Fallopia. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Entry for Fallopia scandens (Linnaeus) Holub [family POLYGONACEAE] Herbarium. Common Names: Climbing false buckwheat (1), false buckwheat (4) Etymology: ‘Fallopia’ is named in honor of the 16 th century Italian anatomist Gabriello Fallopio, ‘Scandens ’ comes from the Latin scansus, “to climb”.